One of the most viable options for doing so, and this can be seen all over the island, is to connect with foreign NGO's interested in supporting and collaborating with agricultural communities in Cuba, in order to develop much needed infrastructure and local industry. There are numerous NGOs and non-profit organizations from around the world, including from the US, partnering with communities on the island to support as well as learn from these local community projects. Cuba has been recognized internationally for incredible advancements the country has made in organic, ecological, and sustainable agriculture, as well the use of green energy such as bio-gas.
Agriculture in Nuevo Mundo
Historically, the land bordering Nuevo Mundo, as well as much of Cuba's farmland, has long been used to grow sugarcane, primarily for US companies until the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, after which much of the island's farmland, as well as private industry were nationalized.
In spite of these societal changes in the middle of last century, the land around Pilon has been planted with sugarcane up until fairy recently and much of it still is.
The sugar crop became less profitable
after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the
early 90's, so in the early 2000s, the government
began to transform the agricultural industry
in the immediate area around Nuevo Mundo
by planting orchards, sustainable timber
forests, and by making land available for
grazing and food production.
These agricultural changes have established
a valuable foundation for positive economic
development in these communities, but the
lack of an infrastructure that would allow for
the production and sale of secondary
products, and the processing and distribution
of local harvests, etc. has maintained local
farmers and their families in limited economic circumstances.
Evolving economic laws in Cuba have allowed for private as well as cooperative businesses in a variety of sectors as well as individual ownership and the sale of private property. As an outcome of these recent changes, rural communities in Cuba are now expected to sustain themselves with much more autonomy than before.
The Nuevo Mundo Village and its neighbors are so isolated, that neither substantial support from the Cuban government or from foreign NGOs has reached the area or generated much improvement for these communities. Young people graduating from college or vocational school are forced to migrate from their rural homes to procure work elsewhere on the island.